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*Subject*: [amsat-bb] Re: Doppler and direction calculation?*From*: Joe Fitzgerald <jfitzgerald@xxxxxxxxxxxx>*Date*: Wed, 10 Jan 2007 10:27:39 -0500

n3wwn@futuretek.cx wrote: > > How can I calculate the doppler shift and direction of travel of a > satellite accurately? > The key is to know the magnitude of the velocity of the transmitter with respect to the receiver. The following description is one I wrote to calculate Doppler for the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter while it was on its way to Mars using data from the JPL Horizons system. ***** To get the doppler shifted frequency expected at your station, follow the directions to get the predictions e-mailed to you. Results will look something like this: **************************************************************** Date__(UT)__HR:MN Azi_(a-appr)_Elev delta deldot **************************************************************** $$SOE 2005-Sep-21 00:00 A 58.3615 20.1819 1.3573313E+07 3.74868 2005-Sep-21 01:00 m 66.0930 30.0251 1.3586801E+07 3.75241 2005-Sep-21 02:00 m 73.5422 40.4658 1.3600337E+07 3.77473 The "deldot" column is the rate at which the range to the spacecraft is changing, in this case moving away from us. Units here are km per second. Note that Horizons also has an option to give delta and deldot in astronomical units, so if you see numbers several orders of magnitude different than the example above, check your units!!! So the doppler shift at 00:00 UTC on the 21st is xmit freq *(deldot/speed of light) or 437.1 * (3.74868/299792.458) = .00546 MHz = 5.465 kHz Since the spacecraft is moving away from us, the observed signal will be lower in frequency, so the expected receive frequency is 437.100000 - 0.005465 = 437.094535 MHz > > > I'd also like to find out the direction of travel, relative to the > lat/lon coordinate system (90 if travelling east, 180 if south, 270 if > west, etc). > > Can anyone help me out here with some equations or point me in the right > direction?! > There is a nice series of articles at http://www.celestrak.com/columns/ Good luck! -Joe KM1P _______________________________________________ Sent via AMSAT-BB@amsat.org. Opinions expressed are those of the author. Not an AMSAT-NA member? Join now to support the amateur satellite program! Subscription settings: http://amsat.org/mailman/listinfo/amsat-bb

**References**:**Doppler and direction calculation?***From:*n3wwn

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